Pet Nail/Claw Diseases

Although common in many skin conditions, concurrent claw issues are uncommon when they constitute the only dermatological issue.

Nail/Claw Diseases

Onychodystrophy is the most frequent ailment affecting several claws; bacterial or fungal infections are the most frequent diseases affecting single claws. The pet’s claw is essential for gripping and holding objects, moving, and acting as a weapon of protection. This makes it crucial to have healthy, regularly trimmed claws.

Bacterial claw diseases

Infections from bacteria in the claws are frequent and are viewed as a secondary issue. Trauma is the most typical underlying reason. Claw infections can, however, also be brought on by systemic conditions such as hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism, diabetes mellitus, hypersensitivities, immune-mediated illnesses, and onychodystrophy. Permanently faulty claw growth can be caused by severe, long-lasting infections of the nail bed. Typical nail bed symptoms include swelling, discomfort, and pus production. The preferred diagnostic approach is cytology. Bacterial culture and sensitivity testing may be required if the infection does not improve after receiving initial antibiotic medication.

Fungal claw diseases

While fungus infections are uncommon, Malassezia, dermatophytes, particularly Trichophyton, blastomycosis, cryptococcosis, and sporotrichosis have been linked to nail bed illnesses and claws. With waxy brown exudate on the proximal parts of the claws, dogs with Malassezia infections exhibit brown-red staining of the claws. Dogs with allergies are frequently diagnosed with this illness. Cytology, Wood’s lamp, fungal culture, and biopsy are diagnostic procedures that can identify organisms.